Why Does Hair Turn Gray with Age … or at Any Age?

Typically, our hair turns gray as we age, and there are factors that determine how soon. Three such factors are genetics, nutritional deficiency, and medical conditions.

This should be no surprise, as it is in keeping with the changes we go through in life in general.

Shades will vary, individuals will decide how comfortable they are with it. If they are not, they will choose to apply some type of hair coloring product.

Overall, the question, “Why does hair turn gray with age?” is ongoing.


Is It Gray, Silver or White? Shades of Gray …

… and can it be reversed?

Some people say gray hair, some say silver, and some say white. Well, it could be either … it’s no longer colored or black.

The variations of hue in hair with little or no pigment is caused by how it is reflected by light or the color of other strands it’s surrounded by.

Another determinant is the individual’s natural hair color. All colors will not look exactly the same.

If you are asking, “Why does hair turn gray as we age?” you may also ask if it can be reversed. Maybe …

… If this is due to a nutritional deficiency or medical condition, changes in the diet or improvement in health may allow the hair to revert to its natural color.

One nutritional deficiency that may affect hair color is Vitamin B12. This is essential for providing oxygen via red blood cells throughout the body. Hair suffers in more ways than one when there is a shortage of this essential vitamin.

A medical condition is vitiligo which is known for its white patches of skin and hair. It may occur when an irregularity causes the non production of melanin in the hair follicle.

What Is a Typical Time Frame? Generally Speaking …

There is no set time frame when someone will start to go gray. A reasonable range could be from 20 years old to the late 40s. Some people begin much earlier while others later.

So, why does hair turn gray with age in the first place? The pigmentation-causing melanin is mainly responsible. More accurately, the lack of this substance.

Hydrogen peroxide is found in hair follicles. This causes melanin to fade over time, resulting in the hair getting lighter. Just as in the absence of the cortex (the layer of the hair shaft containing melanin), vellus hair which covers the body is light in color.

Hair on different parts of our bodies do not all turn gray at the same time.


To Color or Not to Color … Your Choice.

Aging gracefully with gray hair is not acceptable by everyone. To some, it may be a nightmare, ghastly at worst. For others, it’s, yes … graceful.

What makes the difference? Perception, perhaps. Not everyone wants to be perceived as being old or older. Despite its association with wisdom, this tends to be dismissed as a myth.

One way to look at it is that wisdom is achieved overtime. A wise person usually draws on and learns from experiences in their personal lives and from others. This may take years to accomplish.

Various types of hair coloring products have come to the rescue of both men and women who do not care to or are not ready to embrace gray hair.

From temporary to permanent, the categories are …

  • Rinse or Temporary: This is the least permanent and will even rub off on your clothes and pillow. It does not enter the hair shaft, and tends to fade after as little as one wash.
  • Semi-permanent: This minimally affects the hair shaft internally and will wash away in a few days.
  • Demi-permanent: This falls in the middle of semi and permanent. The chemical used, penetrates the hair shaft but is milder than that used in permanent hair colors. It will last for a few weeks. Touch up of the roots need to be done.
  • Permanent: This is not affected by shampooing. New growth will need to be touched up as needed.

The type of hair, genetics, and other factors such as medical condition may determine the effectiveness of any color treatment. Naturally, the result will be different for everyone.

There are also a vast range of colors to choose from, very light to extremely dark. Sometimes coloring the hair may be a fashion statement, or just a statement … period!

Whatever the reason, you choose how subtle or wild you want to go.


Why Do Some Children Get Gray Hairs … Even Babies?

Some babies are even born with a few strands or patches of gray hair. This is rare but not unusual.

In utero (embryo or fetus in womb), there is no melanin until the later stages of the embryonic development. Therefore, the hairs are initially white or very light in color.

Upon birth, the hair may have strands or patches of gray. Or it can be a variety of shades, even though it may change at different stages of the individual’s life. In adulthood, the cycle continues.

Bear in mind, however, that it could be a sign of an irregularity. The medical professionals should check to ensure there isn’t a problem.


Gray, Silver or White, It’s the Process.

So here’s the thing: We age and our hair color changes along with everything else that takes place with our bodies. If it is reversible by nutrition or supplements, that’s only temporary. Ultimately, the time will come for a more permanent change.

Babies, children, young and older adults are candidates for gray hair. Typically, it may start between 20 and the late 40s due mainly to genetics.

Aging gracefully does not include embracing gray hairs by everyone so using any degree of hair coloring products is very popular, but …

… as it was in the beginning, so it shall be in the end.

That’s it in a nutshell.

I hope this short article has helped you in some way. There is a vast amount of information on the subject and related matter. This is just an introduction especially for those who are at a loss and need to be pointed in the right direction.

Feel free to leave your questions and comments below. I will do my best to address them.

(As an Amazon Associate I earn on qualifying purchases.)

What is the Composition of Hair? An Introduction

In this article, “What is the Composition of Hair? An Introduction,” we will look at the different elements, structure, and types of human hair.

A shaft of hair comprises three main layers, cuticle, cortex, and medulla. Each layer has different characteristics and function. We will also include the surrounding components.

The shape of the follicle determines the pattern of the hair shaft, while the width determines its thickness and strength. Additionally, different types of hair grow on different parts of the body.

How is hair affected by electrolysis? We’ll take a brief look.


Got Hair? What is It?

Hair is an outgrowth of skin similar to fingernails and toenails, though not as hard. It can be found on most areas of the body except mucous membranes, the lips, tongue, palms, and soles of feet.

The only living part of hair is in the follicle below the skin. The visible shaft has no life.

Lanugo: This is fine hair covering an embryo. It is usually shed before birth.

Vellus: It covers most of the body, is soft, short, and has no pigment due to the absence of the medulla. It is formed in the sebaceous lobe.

Terminal: These hairs are found on the scalp, underarms, pubic regions, men’s face, and other areas of the body. Abnormalities in women may cause “male-pattern” hair on the face, shoulders, chest, and back … hirsutism.

A vellus hair, on occasions, when stimulated by a hormonal imbalance or external irritation, may start growing downwards into the follicle and become a terminal hair.

In the dermis, the second layer of skin, terminal hair begins its cycle in the follicle. This is an extension of the skin forming a pocket in which are found the components directly or indirectly a part of hair structure.

Why is hair straight, wavy, curly, or kinky? That’s a common question.

Curly Hair

Straight: When hair comes out of a follicle that is round, it is straight.

Wavy: An oval follicle produces wavy hair.

Curly: Hair from a flat follicle comes out curly.

Kinky: This type of hair is usually tightly curled and is produced from a flat follicle.

Ethnicity tends to play a significant role in the type of hair an individual has. It may not always be evident especially when persons are from mixed nationalities.

It is important for dermatologists, electrologists, and laser technicians to know their clients’ background before treatment.

Composition: Elements

What is the composition of hair? You may have heard of keratin, a protein found in hair.

There are at least five main elements that make up keratin … carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur. Hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen are gases, while carbon and sulfur are solids.

Keratin is made up of several amino acids, the building blocks of proteins.

Composition: Cross Section

When a strand of terminal hair is dissected, we will see three layers. From outer to inner, they are cuticle, cortex, and medulla.

Cuticle: This hard, scaly outer layer overlaps in a shingle-like manner. It gives hair its elasticity and transparency.

Cortex: Here we will find elongated, keratinized cells and the pigment, melanin, which gives hair its color.

Medulla: This innermost layer is mainly hollow, contains some cells, and found only in terminal hair.







Surrounding each strand of hair are …

Follicle: This is where activities of the hair shaft take place. A follicle is a continuation of the epidermis which forms a pocket in the dermis.

Inner Sheath: The cuticle overlaps with this lining securing it to the follicle.

Outer Sheath: This outer lining helps to protect and form the hair shaft below the skin.

Papilla: The blood supply providing nourishment is found here. Nerve endings are also in this region.

Bulb: The end of the hair root which fits over the cone-shaped papilla.

Sebaceous Glands: These glands produce sebum, oils which lubricate the skin and hair.

Pilosebaceous Unit: It comprises the follicle, sebaceous glands, and arrector pili muscle. The units together form the pilosebaceous system.

When a person is cold or frightened, the arrector pili muscle contracts causing “goosebumps” and hair to stand straight.

The more knowledgeable we are, we’ll have a better understanding of things that affect it negatively or positively. Imbalances, diseases, and external influences will affect the growth and well-being of hair.

Professionals such as dermatologists, endocrinologists, and hair removal specialists, including electrologists, have a special interest in the composition of hair.


The Moisture Factor: Permanent Hair Removal

We must look at the relationship between hair composition and permanent hair removal methods.

When an electrologist or laser hair removal specialist is presented with a client, she is concerned with more than just removing hair. Several factors must be taken into consideration in order to deliver effective treatment.

This is why a thorough consultation is essential. There will be questions about genetics, water intake, nutrition, health, medication, lifestyle, and abnormalities.

During treatment, the moisture factor at the base of the follicle will determine how easily the hair comes out. The amount of water the client drinks, the skin type, and genetics play a role in the moisture content.

This may seem insignificant; however, the moisture also contains salt. This is important in the creation of lye, sodium hydroxide. Lye aides in the destruction of hair follicles in an effective electrolysis treatment.

The Whole Matter

So here’s the thing: A study of hair includes its origin, growth, texture, surroundings components, and factors that affect it.

Hair is made up of several elements, comprised of smaller units. Keratinized protein is the major component. It also comprises different structures coming together to form one unit.

Specialists in the treatment of skin and hair removal must be knowledgeable about its components. Individuals will benefit also from knowing as much as possible for their own sake.

I hope this short article, “The Composition of Hair: An Introduction,” has benefited you in some way. There is a vast amount of information on the subject and related matter.

This was not intended to go into greater scientific details. It serves only as an introduction especially to those who are at a loss and need to be pointed in the right direction.

Feel free to leave your questions and comments below. I will do my best to address them.

Fully Electric Adjustable Facial Bed/Massage Table Review

  1. Now that you are on your way to completing the setup of your salon or spa, one thing is missing … your facial bed.

This fully electric adjustable facial bed/massage table may be what you’re looking for. It is versatile, comfortable, and comes with a free matching technician stool.

It will be the perfect complement to your space.

Fully Electric Adjustable Facial Bed/Massage Table on Amazon

(As an Amazon Associate, I earn on qualifying purchases.)

Overall Features

Product: Fully Electric Adjustable Facial Bed/Massage Table Review

Sold by: Amazon

Price: $599.88 (retail, no wholesale price available from manufacturers). Free shipping.

Color: White

Guarantee: 1-Year Manufacturer’s Warranty

My Rating: 9

A Closer Look at the Features & Description

This versatile treatment bed/table has …

3-Port Power Strip with 2 USB Ports
  • A 3-Port Powerstrip with 2 USB Ports
  • Easily Removable Arms
  • 4″ High Density Foam Padding for Extra Comfort
  • Whisper Quiet Movement
  • Digital Touch-Sensor Remote Control
  • Dimensions: Height – 26 1/4″ to 32 1/4″, Length – 74 1/4″ to 81 1/4″, Width – 14 1/4″

Bonus: Matching Pneumatic Technician Stool

What Are the Benefits?

  • The customizable feature provides a more comfortable customer experience.
  • The face opening when the headrest pillow is removed makes it more comfortable for back treatments.
  • It is easy to assemble.
  • Ease of operation with the press of a button to lower or raise headrest, footrest, and height.
  • Enjoy a free matching technician stool.
  • Check out your manual online and save the trees!
  • Enjoy the guarantee that comes with a 1-year manufacturer’s warranty.
Free Pneumatic Technician Stool

Why Is It Right for You and Your Business?

It makes sense. A facial bed that can be converted to a massage table is an ideal fit. If you’re an esthetician, the face opening gives your client a better option when doing a back “facial.”

If your client is short, medium, or tall, it customizes to suit each person’s needs.

Check out the features and benefits. This may just be what you need.

This Sums It Up.

So here’s the thing: Get that missing item into your salon or spa.

If you are an electrologist, laser hair removal specialist, esthetician, massage therapist or any salon and spa beautician, chances are you need a treatment bed or table. I hope this review will help you to make a decision.

Feel free to leave your questions and comments below. I will do my best to address them.

What Are the Stages of Hair Growth? An Introduction.


Many things in life take place in a cyclical manner. Hair growth is one of them. It has a beginning, middle, and end stage. There are three main cycles from the moment a shaft of hair is born to when it dies.

The texture, where on the body the hair is, and genetics are the most common factors determining how long it takes to grow. For example, fine, shallow hair (vellus) covering most of the body will not have a typical cycle.

Eyebrows and eyelashes do not continue to grow indefinitely. Scalp hairs and men’s beards tend to grow the longest and on a continuous basis.


Hair Grows in a Cycle

So, what are the stages of hair growth? Here they are …

Anagen: First Things First

In the beginning, was …

… a hair follicle. In this sac-like vacuum, hair germinates by way of an organized structure. This includes the bulge, connective tissue sheath, inner and outer root sheaths, matrix, bulb, and dermal papilla in the lower layer of the skin.

Capillaries, tiny blood vessels, are found in the papilla and nourish the cells as they form the hair shaft. The matrix is responsible for the activities which result in the birth and growth of hair.

Hair in this phase lasts between two and eight years actively growing. There is a short active phase when hair growth is slow versus a long active phase when hair grows rapidly.

While genetics is one factor that determines growth rate, there are two active phases … short and long. Examples in the short active phase are eyebrows, eyelashes, arms, and legs. Scalp hair is an example in the long active phase.

Eyebrow and Eyelash

Hair in each follicle grows at different stages and do not all fall out at the same time. In the anagen phase, approximately 90 percent of hair is present at any given time.

Hair growth may be further stimulated when there are hormonal imbalances usually causing irregularities. This may result in hirsutism, superfluous hair growth.

Catagen: It Pushes Through

Having seen the light of day …

… the hair detaches from its main source of sustenance. At this point, it has reached or is approaching its maximum growth while still being nourished by the follicle walls. After its detachment, it continues to push through the surface of the skin.

This is a very short phase lasting between one and four weeks with about 2 to 3 percent at any given time. They can easily be pulled out during combing and brushing.

The end forms a club hair which is dry and brittle. It can be found in the upper part of the hair follicle. This is because the follicle shrinks after its degeneration and moves upwards.

Sometimes another hair begins the anagen phase after a new follicle is regenerated in the lower section. In this case, two shafts will be present in the same follicle.

Telogen: Oops! It Dies.

Once upon a time …

… there was a natural source of nourishment. As it dies, each shaft of hair is totally free from its anchored origin in the dermis. The shriveled follicle goes through a period of rest … telogen. This lasts from one to three months or even longer.

At any given time, 8 to 10 percent of hair in this phase will be present. The hair will fall out by itself or comes out during combing or brushing.

Once the hair follicle has regenerated, a new hair forms in the anagen stage. If the old hair has not shed, two hairs will also be seen in the same follicle.

Cut Off, Uprooted, or Destroyed

You want it gone …

… but how? Hair isn’t always welcome by everyone. Some people will not even tolerate fine vellus hair on the body. They resort to a method of hair removal that suits them.

Sometimes hair is troublesome due to hormone imbalance or other reasons. As mentioned above, hirsutism may result. At other times, the decision to get rid of hair is just a matter of personal preference.

Cut Off by Shaving: The portion of hair that is visible above the surface of the skin is cut off horizontally. This emerges in a short period of time, a day or two, and the process has to be repeated.

Uprooted by Tweezing or Waxing: These methods forcibly pull the hairs out from the base of the hair follicle, unless they are already loosened during the second or third phase of the cycle.

Destroyed by Chemical Reaction or Electricity: Laser Hair Removal and Electrolysis are methods used to destroy hair in the follicle. The effectiveness of the treatment will determine permanent reduction, removal or regrowth.

Threading is an Alternative to Waxing or Other Hair Removal Methods.

A Hair is Born, Then Dies

So here’s the thing: A shaft of hair is born, it pushes through, then it dies. That is the cycle in the life of a hair … shaft by shaft. It would not be logical for all the hairs to go through each cycle at the same time.

The three cycles, Anagen, Catagen, and Telogen take place in the hair follicle in the dermis. The cycles tend to follow each other; however, sometimes another anagen phase will begin while a club hair is yet to be shed.

Hair growth is natural; however, some people do not like to have hair on different parts of their bodies. This may be due to hair growth abnormalities or personal preference.

We looked at five main methods of removing hair … shaving, tweezing, waxing, electrolysis, and laser. Other articles on this site go into more details about hair removal methods.

I hope this short article, “What Are the Stages of Hair Growth: An Introduction,” has helped you in some way. There is a vast amount of information on the subject and related matter. This is just an introduction especially for those who are at a loss and need to be pointed in the right direction.

Feel free to leave your questions and comments below. I will do my best to address them.

… The End …

17-in-1 Facial Machine Review: Diamond Included!

Space saver, convenient, and easy to use are some reasons to love this 17-in-1 facial machine. I bought mine a few years ago directly from the manufacturers. It has been a great investment.

I have used it at home for family members, in a salon room, and traveled with it for mobile clients.

Estheticians who would prefer to have everything as one unit will be delighted with it.

17-in-1 Facial Machine on Amazon

(As an Amazon Associate, I earn on qualifying purchases.)

Overall Features

Product: 17-in-1 Facial Machine Review/17-in-1 Elite Series Multifunction Diamond Microdermabrasion Facial Machine

Sold by: Amazon

Price: $1,499.88 (retail, no wholesale price available from manufacturers). Free shipping.

Guarantee: 1 Year Manufacturer’s Warranty

My Rating: 10

A Closer Look at the Features.

This multitasker, 17-in-1 Facial Machine, comes with …

Diamond Microdermabrasion Attachments.
  1. Diamond Microdermabrasion (effective for acne treatment)
  2. Bio-Lift Microcurrent
  3. Galvanic Current Facial
  4. High frequency
  5. Electro-Dessicating Spot Remover
  6. Natural Bristle Gentle Exfoliating Rotary Brush
  7. Vacuum Extractor
  8. Spray Difuser
  9. Skin Exfoliator
  10. Product Infuser Device
  11. Facial Steamer with Ozone
  12. 2-in1 Ultraviolet Sterilizer
  13. & Towel Warmer
  14. 5x (16 Diopter) Magnifier Lamp
  15. Wood’s Lamp Skin Analyzer
  16. Utility Mixing Bowl
  17. Tool Storage Rack
Ultraviolet Sterilizer

Bonus: Free Skincare Kit ($175 value)

Although a manual isn’t physically included, one will be sent to you by email.

What Are the Benefits?

Here are 17 reasons to love your multifunctional machine:

  1. This combo is a great space saver. If you are a booth renter, you will appreciate how little space it takes up.
  2. It is easy to assemble. Download the manual and get to work or follow the chart that comes in the package.
  3. It saves time; time is money! Eliminate the extra steps to get from one equipment to the other.
  4. Enhance your clients’ experience with a warm towel without having to walk away from them.
  5. Easily sterilize your implements right there in front of you and get them as needed.
  6. All attachments are neatly stored on the unit.
  7. How about the dual benefits of a microdermabrasion wand and a separate skin tightening wand on the same unit?
  8. Herbs and essential oils can be added for a more relaxing and beneficial experience.
  9. It’s great for a mobile business. With a little manpower, you are good to go.
  10. The price is right. Add up all the equipment separately. You’ll see the savings.
  11. It makes you stand out as a smart buyer. You made a wise decision.
  12. Ozone steam helps to loosen dirt particles, removes excessive oils from the skin, and unplugs pores.
  13. Excellent light and magnifier. The dual feature with flexible (and removable) arm gives better visibility.
  14. Lockable wheels allow it to be moved around easily then locked for safety.
  15. Get an entire skincare line free of cost! This is good especially if you’re just starting out and haven’t decided on a line of products yet. If you’re looking for another line to add, you can try this out.
  16. Check out your manual online and save the trees!
  17. Enjoy the guarantee that comes with a 1-year manufacturer’s warranty.

Why It Is Right for You and Your Business?

When you take its features and benefits into consideration, this is a great fit for small, midsize, and larger salons and spas. Where do you fit in?

For small businesses, if you have one esthetician working, this is a phenomenal value in more ways than one. Limited floor and countertop space is usually a problem. With this equipment, that’s one less thing to stress over.

If you are midsize and have one or more estheticians, this could be your primary machine … especially if you do not need more than one set of its many attachments.

Larger businesses may not be concerned about saving space as much as other businesses. But space could still be a concern, especially when you have multiple equipment. You will also find other features beneficial.

The Perfect Spa Getaway

This Sums it Up.

So here’s the thing: You are a licensed esthetician with limited space, a midsize business, a large salon or spa. Facial equipment is critical to your business. And there are several on the market to choose from.

Looking at features and benefits is a great place to start. The 17-in-1 multifunctional machine doesn’t have to be your only pick, but it will outshine some of the others.

Any size salon or spa is the right size to welcome this multitasker into the family.

If you are an esthetician trying to make a decision for a functional facial machine, I hope this review has helped you in some way.

Feel free to leave your questions and comments below. I will do my best to address them.

Spa Treatment

How to Remove Acne Scars … Safely.

Acne scars are a great concern as they can be quite unsightly. Pimples, cysts or other manifestations of acne often leave scars. Sometimes they are manipulated to get pus or other substances out, causing damage to the surrounding tissue.

If you are looking for information on how to remove acne scars, this article will help. There are a few ways to minimize or get rid of these scars safely without worsening the condition … professional and non-professional methods.

Find out which treatment is right for you.


Painful and Unsightly

Acne is associated with the onset of puberty, temporary changes in life such as pregnancy, emotional stress, and hormonal imbalance.

Whatever the cause, the effects can be devastating. Sometimes they are painful, can result in low self-esteem, and leave unsightly blemishes.

When excess oil and dead cells accumulate at the base of hair follicles, it results in bacteria. The inflammation that shows up on the face and other areas indicates that there is an infection.

Blemishes occur when tissue becomes damaged. This happens based on the severity of the acne condition or when the skin is irritated in some other way. This usually takes a toll on a person’s self-esteem.

If caution is not used to remove them safely, the condition can be made worse … permanently!

The Pits and Blackness

Scars, such as “ice picks” are like small pits, which can be permanent without advance treatment. Dark blotches may take a long time before they go away … or not … unless treated.

These conditions can really leave one feeling down and out … in the pits. Not only is there physical darkness but also emotional depression. Self-worth is often affected by one’s outward appearance.

With several options available, there is no need to settle for being less than you can become. As usual, do your research. Arm yourself with knowledge.

It is important to ensure that you get the result you are looking for and not a worsening of your condition.

Blemish Away! Be Gone!

The most common methods to remove acne scars are …

  • Microdermabrasion: This treatment uses an abrasive device to exfoliate the outer layer of the skin allowing it to rejuvenate. The two main methods used are diamond tip or crystal. It is best to have a dermatologist or licensed esthetician perform these services. At-home products and devices are also available.
  • Chemical peels: These have a similar effect to microdermabrasion except that chemicals are used instead. Different chemicals and different levels will determine the actual end result. They are best administered by a dermatologist or esthetician; however, there are at-home products.
  • Dermabrasion: This removes deeper layers of skin and is performed by a dermatologist. Healing takes a much longer time.
  • Natural solutions: These may be made with herbs or other natural ingredients … commercial or homemade. Examples are tea tree essential oils and vitamin C.
Vitamin C

Other treatments include surgery to level out the “pits.” This is extreme and involves greater risks.

Pros and Cons

Microdermabrasion is effective; however, there may be mild side effects such as redness or tenderness. These usually last for only a few hours. Avoid sun exposure for a few weeks. Protect your skin with sunscreen.

Chemical peels are also effective, but have side effects such as redness, hyperpigmentation (increased melanin) or hypopigmentation (reduced melanin). Sun exposure should be avoided.

Dermabrasion is also considered very effective for those who are candidates. There may be even greater side effects. Sun exposure should definitely be avoided as instructed by your dermatologist.

A thorough consultation will be done by a professional, dermatologist or esthetician, to determine if you are a candidate for any of these treatments. They are not for everyone, so be knowledgeable before moving forward.

At-home products and devices may be less costly and readily available. If they are not used properly, side effects could be detrimental.

New Look, New Lease on Life

When acne scars are removed, a person’s self-confidence and image are restored. Social interactions are usually improved as a result. Individuals have been known to become more outspoken, and even apply for positions they were afraid to undertake before.

Some individuals have started dressing better and become involved in relationships they would have shied away from previously. The fear of being rejected is no longer a factor.

Look for support from family members and/or friends who will be there every step of the way. Embrace these relationships. Everyone needs support to go through difficult moments.

You can also make a difference to others by being supportive and sharing your experiences with them.

Get A New Lease on Life

From Flair Up to Clear Up

So here’s the thing: Sometimes scars or blemishes are the aftereffects of an acne condition. In addition, there may be pain due to inflammation from bacteria.

There are a few treatments that can minimize the appearance of these blemishes. They come in the form of professional or non-professional devices and substances.

A dermatologist or licensed esthetician should be considered over at-home treatments. Your safety is more guaranteed in the hands of a professional.

Take the time to educate yourself to see if you are a candidate for any of these treatments. Remember, they are not for everyone. If they are not for you, find a way to free yourself from the discomfort and pain from your physical appearance.

Enjoy the benefits of having blemish-free skin and greater self-confidence thus conquering your social fears. Sometimes all it takes is the support of family members and friends to encourage and help you through a difficult period.

Pay it forward and share with others who are having similar experiences. Make a difference.

I hope this short article, “How to Remove Acne Scars … Safely,” has helped you in some way. There is a vast amount of information on the subject and related matter. This is just an introduction especially for those who are at a loss and need to be pointed in the right direction.

Feel free to leave your questions and comments below. I will do my best to address them.

(As an Amazon Associate, I earn on qualifying purchases.)

You Can Enjoy Blemish-Free Skin

Chronic Acne: Hormone Imbalance or Not.

Chronic acne may be a symptom of hormone imbalance … or not. It can be very stressful for those affected by it. Adults, not just teenagers, suffer from this condition.

The first thing to do is find the root cause. A dermatologist should be consulted especially to determine if hormones play a role.

Whatever the cause, acne of any type should not be neglected.

Acne Breakout

Does Chronic Acne Differ From Common Acne?

A chronic condition means it is difficult to get rid of, keeps recurring, or lasting for a long time. Chronic acne, therefore, differs from common acne in that it is more of a nuisance.

Acne, in general, affects a person during puberty. Not everyone is affected in the same way. It ranges from mild to more severe, and may be hereditary. Other factors and stages of life will also contribute to acne breakouts. Pregnancy and emotional stress are examples.

The sebaceous glands are responsible for oil production at the base of hair follicles. Some glands secrete directly through the pores of the skin, which are not attached to hair follicles.

In both cases of acne, the activities of sebaceous glands cause clogging of the pores in addition to debris and grease on the surface of the skin.

External debris includes dirty hands, greasy hair/products and cosmetics, articles of clothing that come in contact with your skin.

Chronic acne is cause for concern. Learn about Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) so you can be aware of all the symptoms associated with it. The chart below shows acne as one of the symptoms.

PCOS Chart

Let’s Take It From the Top.

So you notice your acne constantly flairs up and wants to reside indefinitely. That’s a problem!

It’s common for acne to affect the face, but other areas include the upper arms, shoulders, chest, and back. For some people, it’s all areas at once. The same treatment may be applied to all affected parts. Scars or black marks are sometimes left in place of the inflamed areas.

Acne manifests itself in different forms. These may be …

  • Pimples or Acne Vulgaris: An eruption takes place in the follicle when there is an excess of oil, dead cells, and bacteria. The body’s defense system, white blood cells, try to protect it against the bacteria. Pus, a yellowish matter, is formed. The farther this happens below the surface of the skin, the longer it takes to heal. Scars are usually the end result.
  • Whiteheads, Closed Comedones, or Milia: These are an accumulation of matter from the sebaceous glands. They are trapped below the surface of the skin and are not exposed to air.
  • Blackheads or Open Comedones: An overflow of oil from sebaceous glands results in the formation of a blackhead. It hardens at the mouth of the follicle causing blockage.
  • Cysts or Cystic Acne: These are pimples which take a longer time to reach the surface of the skin. Cells are destroyed while they make their journey up. Scars are usually left.
  • Papules: Inflamed bumps under the surface of the skin indicate that there is infection in the hair follicles. They can be painful.
  • Nodules: Large painful bumps under the surface of the skin. They are a result of the activities at the lower level of hair follicles.

Apart from the physical symptoms, some conditions are very painful.

In the Middle or No Middle Ground.

One way or another, your goal is to get rid of this abnormality. It may take more time than you expect, but make every effort to minimize it until then.

If your condition is caused by a hormonal imbalance, treatment will go beyond clearing up the physical appearance. Your dermatologist will have recommendations and, hopefully, point you in the right direction. Some solutions are …

  • Oral or topical antibiotics: These are prescribed to attack and destroy bacteria.
  • Birth control pills/Oral Contraceptives: These help to control substances which contribute to causing acne.
  • Laser and light therapy: These are both used to decrease oil production and kill bacteria that causes acne, respectively. They also help to diminish scars.
  • Microdermabrasion and Chemical Peels: These help to diminish scars and are helpful with the overall texture and health of the skin. A dermatologist or licensed esthetician perform these services.
Diamond-Tip Microdermabrasion Attachments.

These are only some of the recommendations.

Note: As the PCOS chart in this article indicates, excessive hair growth is associated with the condition. In this case, laser hair removal (different from laser therapy used for treating acne) is one solution.

If hormonal imbalance is not a factor, precautions still need to be taken. Proper hygiene should be practiced to minimize any further outbreak. Appropriate treatment should also be applied.

The Bottom Line Is …

You need your life back. For too long you’re under the control of a condition that, more often than not, gets the better of you. With chronic acne, what works for one person may not work for another.

It may take trying different products and treatments to find what works. It’s best, however, to give whatever you are trying time to work before moving on to something else.

Here are some other considerations that you can do on your own …

  • Hot and cold compresses to soothe the pain and decrease inflammation.
  • Extractions are best done by an esthetician who is skilled in this area. Injuries to the surrounding tissue and scarring will not be an issue when carefully done.
  • Witch hazel is soothing to the skin to alleviate redness and inflammation. It’s beneficial when applied after extractions to reduce redness.
  • Natural remedies used with precautions just as with prescription or over-the-counter drugs. Tea tree essential oil is considered to be very helpful.
  • Vitamins A and E, and zinc in the diet may be helpful.
  • Drink plenty of water for hydration of the skin.
  • Keep your hands off you face as this is one sure way to transfer bacteria.
  • Avoid squeezing pimples, etc. as this will cause scarring.
  • Never go to sleep with makeup on.

It is an excellent idea to have a regular skincare regimen including cleanser, toner or non-alcoholic based astringent, mask, some type of treatment, and a moisturizer compatible with your skin type.

A scrub can be a part of a skincare regimen; however, exfoliation may cause overstimulation of the sebaceous glands. This will worsen the condition.

I’ve seen cases where individuals kept scrubbing to get rid of acne. Their outbreak became worse. Discontinuation of the scrub and applying a mask twice weekly helped significantly.

It is harder for bacteria to thrive in a clean environment.

What to Avoid

Take time to notice when flair ups occur. Is it around your monthly period, after eating certain foods, during stressful moments? Chocolate was once considered a causing factor. Maybe it plays a role in aggravating an existing condition.

Here are some things to avoid …

  • Greasy foods may worsen an existing condition.
  • Spicy foods are considered to be stimulating to sweat glands.
  • Stress, which usually seem to make any condition worse or result in the onset of several illnesses.
Do Greasy Foods Have an Effect on Acne?

Not everyone agrees that foods play a part. You can experiment to see if it does, while taking all other factors into consideration.

Cleaning Up From Top to Bottom

So here’s the thing: Chronic acne in any age group may be associated with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) due to hormone imbalance. If you find that you are unable to control it, you should get medical help to determine the root cause.

A chronic condition stays around for a long time even with treatment. Acne, in general, is caused by overactivity in the sebaceous glands. The secretions cause manifestations in different forms, which may be painful or leave scars. The areas most affected are the face, upper arms, shoulders, chest, and back.

A dermatologist specializes in skin conditions and should be consulted to determine the root cause and recommend a treatment plan. Creams, pills, laser, and a skincare regimen are suggestions. These may help to ease discomfort, prevent bruises and scars, and decrease outbreaks.

Other helpful tips range from personal habits, home remedies, tea tree essential oil to professional skincare treatments by an esthetician.

We also looked at foods and habits to avoid. Most people will agree that although certain foods may not cause acne, they can aggravate the condition.

I hope this short article, “Chronic Acne: Hormone Imbalance or Not,” has helped you in some way. There is a vast amount of information about the subject and related matter. This is just an introduction especially for those who are at a loss and need to be pointed in the right direction.

Feel free to leave your questions and comments below. I will do my best to address them.

The History of Laser Hair Removal: Did You Know?

Laser hair removal has been around since the latter part of the 1990s. People are constantly searching for convenient hair removal methods and devices. Inventors come up with ideas and implement them through trial and error.

Nowadays, it is possible to do some form of laser hair removal at home. This has now become quite popular, more cost effective, and very convenient.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved laser hair removal for permanent hair reduction. This means that the number of hairs in a treated area are reduced, but all hairs are not permanently removed.

Hair Removal Devices

What is Laser Hair Removal? How Does It Work?

In this article, The History of Laser Hair Removal, you will get answers to some frequently asked questions.

Pulses of light are used to destroy the hair follicle by way of a laser.

Laser hair removal targets dark pigments in the hair follicle. With earlier inventions, melanin in the skin was also being targeted; hence, this method was not performed on people with dark skin. Improvements have been made with newer inventions.

Laser-Friendly Skin
Laser-friendly Black Skin

Now skin color is not an issue; however, the laser light is unable to detect gray, white, or red hairs. These cannot be treated unless by more advanced lasers.

Hair that is in the first of the three cycles, anagen, catagen, and telogen, is what will be affected by this treatment method. The hairs will not fall out immediately. It will take approximately five days and up to a few weeks. They should be left to fall out on their own; otherwise, there may be consequences.

Also, the hair forced out would be considered tweezed instead. This would be counterproductive to the whole laser experience.

Best results are achieved by a knowledgeable laser hair removal specialist. A thorough consultation needs to be done to determine ethnicity, medical conditions, causes of excessive hair growth where applicable, nutrition, and many other factors.

Client Consultation Before Treatment

Some important tips are …

  • Avoid sun exposure and tanning machines 24 to 48 hours prior to treatment.
  • Avoid caffeine 24 hours prior to treatment.
  • Shave the area to be treated a day before your appointment.
  • Be honest about ethnicity and medical conditions.

There may be some level of discomfort during treatment. Topical creams may be applied; however, this has to be done in a small area at a time. It is dangerous to apply in large areas of the skin.

Goggles are worn while the laser is turned on and during treatment. The laser beam can penetrate the eyes causing permanent damage.

Did you know that there is a difference between permanent hair reduction and permanent hair removal?

Are There Different Types of Lasers?

Some lasers are …

  • Ruby: This was the first one used in 1960 for pale skin only.
  • Alexandrite: This later development can be used on all skin types.
  • Diode: This is used for pale to medium skin.
  • Nd:Yag: Finally, dark skin can be effectively treated with this laser’s invention.

These all used different wavelengths and light sources. The ruby has the shortest wavelength and the Nd:Yag the longest. Light sources are red, near-infrared, and infrared.

Intense Pulsed Light (IPL), which is generally associated with and mistaken for laser, is not a laser. Its wavelength is shorter than the ruby, and it also uses infrared light. It treats pale to medium skin.

Did you know that Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) is not a laser?

How Does Laser Hair Removal Compare to Other Methods?

Let’s look at the most popular methods of hair removal …

  • Electrolysis: Laser is a newer and faster invention than electrolysis. It is best compared to the blend method, which is the most effective of the three (galvanic, thermolysis, and blend). While electrolysis uses electricity to destroy hair follicles, laser uses light pulses.
  • Waxing: The results are more long term than waxing. Waxing does not destroy hair follicles.
  • Tweezing (Plucking): The results are more long term than tweezing, which does not destroy hair follicles.
  • Shaving: Laser is definitely more long term than shaving. However, shaving is recommended above waxing and tweezing. It is the least stimulating to the production of hair. When hair is pulled up by the root, a nourishing supply of blood is rushed to the injured site.

Did you know that sugaring is an effective method of hair removal similar to waxing?

Sugaring Hair Removal

Pros and Cons

There are things to take into consideration before making a decision if laser hair removal is right for you …


  • Treatment is relatively fast.
  • The number of hairs in a treated area will be reduced after follow-up treatments.
  • It is cost-effective over time.


  • There may be side effects such as itching, redness, crust, hypo- or hyper pigmentation.
  • Several treatments will be necessary to be effective.
  • It is expensive.

Some side effects may be minimized by following pre- and post-care advice.

When it comes to making a decision, make sure you ask as many questions as you like. Don’t shy away from that. The more informed you are, the better decision maker you will be.

Did you know that possible side effects may be minimized?

Wrap It Up

So hair’s the thing: Laser hair removal is a relatively new invention. Improvements have been made to include all skin colors as the earlier lasers were restricted to pale skin only.

There are several at-home laser devices on the market. This allows customers a more convenient and cost-effective opportunity to treat their problematic hair concerns.

The FDA has approved laser hair removal for permanent hair reduction.

Laser light is unable to detect gray, white, or red hairs, although more advanced lasers claim to do that. The different types of lasers are used for pale, medium, and dark skin color.

Remember, also, that an Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) is not a laser.

We looked at how laser hair removal compares to other hair removal methods: electrolysis, waxing, tweezing, and shaving. Ask questions and research to become wiser at making a choice.

I hope this short article, The History of Laser Hair Removal, has helped you in some way. There is a vast amount of information on the subject and related matter. This is just an introduction especially for those who are at a loss and need to be pointed in the right direction.

Feel free to leave your question and comments below. I will do my best to address them.

(As an Amazon Associate, I earn on qualifying purchases.)

The History of Electrolysis: Did You Know?

Electrolysis has been around for more than 140 years. This article will briefly address the history of electrolysis so you will have a better understanding of its origin, application, and purpose.

Hopefully, in the end, you can consider if this is the solution for your hair removal concerns.

What Is Electrolysis? How Does It Work?

Does it involve electricity? How safe is it? Does it really work? These are common questions which will be answered as we take a look at the history of electrolysis.

Sometimes an invention may be intended for one thing but turn out to have more far-reaching benefits. This is the case with electrolysis. In 1875, a St. Louis, Missouri, ophthalmologist, Dr. Charles E. Michel, came up with a solution to remove painful ingrown eyelashes. He successfully used this for his patients.

Since then there has been different modalities and other technological improvements. The Federal Drug and Administration (FDA) has approved electrolysis for permanent hair removal.

In short, an equipment having positive and negative polarities, a probe (very fine needle), which is connected to the negative pole is used. The probe is inserted into each hair follicle during treatment. The base of the follicle is moist containing a solution of salt and water.

Electrolysis Machine Showing Probe, Timer & Heat Settings

There are different modalities or methods used …

  1. Galvanic: The application of DC (direct current) to produce lye in the hair follicle. Lye destroys the origin from which hair grows, preventing it from producing more hair; hence, the permanent removal. Moisture at the base of the hair follicle allows this to take place.
  2. Thermolysis: High-frequency current also destroy the source of hair generation. It is the destruction of tissue by heat, and is faster than the galvanic method.
  3. The Blend: A combination of the other two modalities for greater effectiveness in some cases; for example, coarser hair and curved follicles. The galvanic does a more thorough job while thermolysis is faster.

Each modality achieves the same end result. Together, it is possible to successfully treat just about every problem presented. The decision to use one or the other depends on …

  • The comfort of the client.
  • The area of the body and the type of hair being treated.
  • The duration of the treatment.

As you can see, electricity is involved in the Galvanic and blend modalities.

Electrolysis Uses Electricity.

Safety is a primary requirement when you place yourself in the hands of a trusted, professional electrologist.

It will take several treatments for long-term results to be seen. The elimination of hair will be evident after each treatment. This will not determine its effectiveness because of the hair cycle. The three stages are …

  1. Anagen: A shaft of hair is born and ascends towards the skin surface. It breaks through and gets ready for the next stage.
  2. Catagen: The hair begins to separate from its root and pushes further up.
  3. Telogen: The final stage of the cycle. The hair is totally detached and ceases to grow. It dies.

Picture this: One of the methods is used to treat hair follicle. The hair that is visible above the surface is successfully epilated, not tweezed. The source is destroyed and will no longer be able to produce hair; however, hair could still surface from that follicle. Here’s how …

… A hair that has already been born is still in the follicle. It will eventually come to the surface. There may also be hairs that were previously broken off or are in the final cycle making their way up.

It may appear as though hair continues to grow from the follicle. This is why it is assumed by some that electrolysis is not effective, but it is not so. In the above example, it is impossible for hair to regenerate from follicles treated effectively, where the root is permanently destroyed.

The result of electrolysis is evident after several follow-up treatments. Everyone’s case is different, so it is best to let your electrologist give you an estimated treatment plan after a thorough consultation.

Did you know that lye is formed as a result of a chemical action by applying electricity to a salt water solution? That’s a mouthful!

How Widespread Is It?

People from all continents are exposed to different methods of hair removal including electrolysis. One important factor when doing a client’s consultation is to ascertain their ethnicity. This is critical for laser hair removal.

The reason is that different skin color, hair types and color will react differently to each method and application.

Bear in mind, however, that all skin and hair types are treated with electrolysis.

Electrolysis Treats All Skin Color

Did you know that your ethnicity was something to take into consideration before electrolysis or laser hair removal treatment?

Who Is A Candidate?

Electrolysis may be performed on the following …

  • Someone who is affected by hirsutism, superfluous hair growth. Get a diagnosis of the problem from an endocrinologist first. Hormone imbalance is a contributing factor. It is best to address that medical problem in addition to dealing with the outward appearance.
  • Someone who has gray, white, or red hairs that cannot be treated by normal laser. The laser light is unable to detect these hairs.
  • Someone, male or female, who wants to remove hair from any part of the body for whatever reason.

Did you know that men, as well as women, may be bothered by hair in different parts of the body?

Pros and Cons

Everyone will not have the same opinion or experience. There are several things to consider before deciding on a treatment plan.


  • It works regardless of the hair growth cycle.
  • It permanently removes hair once the genesis of hair formation is destroyed.
  • It has an advantage over laser hair removal, which will not work for gray, white, or red hair.
  • Overtime the cost may be one of the least expensive.


  • There may be scarring and pigmentation in some cases.
  • It will take several treatments to be effective.
  • It is expensive.

Laser hair removal is on the rise, but sometimes it is necessary to combine both especially where laser is ineffective.

Another thing worth mentioning is that electrolysis is the only medically approved method of permanent hair removal. Some practicing laser hair removal tend to put electrolysis in the light of nonpermanency while stressing laser as permanent. Laser may be a quicker method.

Did you know that laser cannot “see” gray, white, or red hairs?

Wrap It Up

So here’s the thing: In this article, The History of Electrolysis, we see that it has survived for over 140 years. The inventor and other pioneers left a legacy that has been improved on over time.

Electrolysis uses electricity, is safe in the hands of an experienced and professional electrologist, and works effectively. The three modalities used are galvanic, thermolysis, and blend. Together, they provide a solution for every hair removal problem.

Every continent has practiced this method of hair removal among others. It is important to know a client’s ethnicity, which is especially critical for laser hair removal. This should be determined during a thorough consultation.

Everyone MAY be a candidate for electrolysis.

Despite its effectiveness in permanently removing hair, it has its down side. Take everything into consideration before making a decision.

Did you know that all hope is not lost, and you can find the help you need?

Unblemished Skin

I hope this short article has helped you in some way. There is a vast amount of information on the subject and related matter. This is just an introduction especially for those who are at a loss and need to be pointed in the right direction.

Feel free to leave your questions and comments below. I will do my best to address them.

As an Amazon Associate, I earn on qualifying purchases.)

How Does the Endocrine System Work?

  1. The body comprises many systems, one of which is the endocrine system. You may be curious to know how does the endocrine system work. This system is as intricate as all the other systems of the body. Although it is quite fascinating, disorders and imbalances usually occur. First, let’s look at a breakdown of the body’s makeup.

Let’s Break It Down

The body is fascinating, complex, and impossible to recreate. Four basic structures are cells, tissues, organs, and systems. Later, we’ll get back to answering the question, “How Does the Endocrine System Work.”

  • Cells are made up of smaller units contained within them; however, cells function independently. They regulate all areas of life in the human body.
  • Tissues are made up of cells. These cells are usually similar, but other related cells may be part of a tissue. Together they carry out a specific function or functions.
  • Organs are a combination of tissue which carry out specific functions as specified by their hormones.
  • Systems are a group of organs. Together they meet the needs of different areas of the body.

Of course, the body is made up of so much more such as elements also present in the earth and atmosphere.

What Is The Endocrine System?

The endocrine system is made up of several glands which produce their own unique hormones. These are released into the bloodstream to carry out various functions throughout the body. This system is responsible for growth and development, reproduction, metabolism, and others.Endocrine-System-Chart

The main glands are pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas, ovaries, and testes.

Well, how does the endocrine system work? Here’s how …

… All the major glands of the endocrine system target different cells and organs. The reproductive organs, for example, are controlled by the estrogen and testosterone hormones regulating male and female reproduction activities.

The pituitary gland produces hormones responsible for growth, production of milk for breastfeeding, estrogen and testosterone. It receives information from the brain and passes it on to other glands. These glands use the information to help the organs they control carry out their functions.

The pineal gland plays a part in helping to prepare the body for sleep. It produces melatonin.

The hormones of the thyroid glands regulate metabolism

Healthy bones are determined by the levels of calcium and phosphorus, which are controlled by the parathyroid glands.

Adrenal glands produce adrenaline, in addition to hormones which regulate metabolism and sexual functions. Adrenaline helps us to take action when we feel threatened … flight or fight.

Insulin and glucagon, produced by the pancreas, regulate sugar in the body.

The endocrine system is responsible for ensuring optimal functioning of the organs systems in the entire body.

Working To Maintain Balance

Amidst the complexities of this unique system, its job is to maintain balance … ensuring hormone production and that communication with other systems and organs is clear. Messages are transmitted from the brain, the central nervous system. This super highway keeps working involuntarily to accomplish its mission. We see this from the different glands and their hormones mentioned above.

The entire endocrine system works in cycles either individually or several together. This is demonstrated as the pituitary glands send messages from the brain, stimulating other glands and organs to get their jobs done.

There is a chain of command which, when broken, leads to irregularities. When everything is going according to plan, combined with wholesome practices, we enjoy the benefits of good health. Some of these practices include proper nutrition, exercise, and sleep.

Nevertheless, There Is A Problem

We would like to see everything functioning in our bodies without disorders and diseases; however, this is not always the case. Sometimes there are miscommunication or non communication caused by different factors. Under or overproduction of hormones results in irregularities.

An example is excessive production of testosterone in women, which may lead to hirsutism, excessive hair growth that is typical in men. Another example is hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism due to irregularities of the thyroid glands. This results in the slowing down or speeding up of body functions, respectively.

There is a vast amount of information about the endocrine system. Taking time out to learn more will give you a better understanding of your body and the many changes you go through. When we see symptoms in one area, they are usually stemmed from something going on in other areas.

Be mindful that irregularities may be taking place in the endocrine system as well as other systems within the body. It is best to consult your doctor and/or get a referral to an endocrinologist.

Is This The End?

Here’s the thing: There is a chain of command in the universe, man-made organizations, and our bodies. It is fascinating to learn about its complexities … cells making up tissues, which make up organs, which make up systems. The endocrine system plays a key role in producing hormones through its glands. As these travel through the bloodstream, they get to their target location throughout the body.

The endocrine system strives to maintain balance in every area, It is a superhighway having a chain of command that governs it. We enjoy the privilege of optimal health when everything is functioning properly … when the cycle isn’t broken.

We looked at the main glands in the endocrine system: pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas, ovaries, and testes. Each of their hormones enables functioning of the organs they target. Functions include growth and development, reproduction, metabolism, and others.

Life isn’t perfect. We must face the reality that there will be issues arising caused by hormonal and other imbalances. A better understanding of our bodies and how it works will, hopefully, help us to take the necessary actions to eliminate some of the problems.

An endocrinologist specializes in matters pertaining to the endocrine system,

I hope this short article, “How Does the Endocrine System Work,” has helped you in some way. Feel free to leave your questions and comments below. I will do my best to address them.